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Roman Amphora reuse

A model that allows for representing key theories of Roman amphora reuse, to explore the differences in the distribution of amphorae, re-used amphorae and their contents. This model generates simulated distributions of prime-use amphorae, primeuse contents (e.g. olive oil) and reused amphorae. These simulated distributions will differ between experiments depending on the experiment’s variable settings representing the tested theory: variations in the probability of reuse, the supply volume, the probability of reuse at ports. What we are interested in teasing out is what the effect is of each theory on the simulated amphora distributions. The results presented in the related publication (Brughmans and Pecci in press) for all experiments were obtained after running the simulation for 1000 time steps, at which point the simulated distribution patterns have stabilized. Brughmans, T., & Pecci, A. (in press). An inconvenient truth. Evaluating the impact of amphora reuse through computational simulation modelling. In C. Duckworth & A. Wilson (Eds.), Recycling and the Ancient economy. Oxford studies on the Roman economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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