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Umwelten Ants v1.1.0

Leafcutter ants, *Atta cephalotes*, are dominant herbivores in South American rainforests and have a diverse life history, punctuated by their fungal spore farming which results in often massive colony sizes (Hölldobler & Wilson, 2010). When observing *A. cephalotes* colonies near Manaus, Brazil, the author watched three colony members kill each other. In ant colonies, sterile workers cooperate to rear colonial young, which means that these colony mates were related, and so should not engage in intra-colony competition because of the associated net loss (Townsend et al., 2008). If fitness in a biological system is comparable to profit in an economy (Holland, J., 2006), how can ant colonies of *A. cephalotes* in Brazil kill their nestmates for a net loss? The simulation models this interaction Through Netlogo.
This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at

This model’s findings have now been published:
Martin K., Sengupta P. (2021) Multi-agent Simulations of Intra-colony Violence in Ants. In: Braha D. et al. (eds) Unifying Themes in Complex Systems X. ICCS 2020. Springer Proceedings in Complexity. Springer, Cham.